PMKVY - Pradhanmantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Govt. Trainning Programme
PMKVY is Approved for another four years (2016-2020) to benefit 10 million youth, Allocated Budget 12,000 Crores
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
The Union Cabinet on 13th July 2016, Approved the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY) with an outlay of Rs.12000 crore to impart skill training to one crore people over the next four years(2016-2020). Pmkvy will impart fresh training to 60 lakh youths and certify skills of 40 lakh persons acquired non-formally under the Recognition of Prior Learning(RPL). The target allocation between fresh trainings and RPL will be flexible and interchangeable depending on functional and operational requirements, an official statement said.
The Scheme, completely aligned to the common norms as notified earlier, would move to grant based model where the training and assessment cost would be directly reimbursed to training providers and assessing bodies in accordance to the Common Norms.
Financial Support to Trainees will be given in the form of travel allowance, boarding and lodging costs, Post Placement Support would be given directly to the beneficiaries through Direct Benefit transfer(DBT).
Disbursement of training Cost to Training Partners will be linked to Aadhar and Biometrics for Better Transparency and targeting. Skill Training would be done based on industry led standards aligned to the National Skill Qualification Framework(NSQF).
Key Components of the Scheme:
1. Short Term Training
The Short Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy. Duration of the training varies per job role, ranging between 150 and 300 hours. Upon successful completion of their assessment, candidates shall be provided placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs). Under PMKVY, the entire training and assessment fees are paid by the Government. Payouts shall be provided to the TPs in alignment with the Common Norms. Trainings imparted under the Short Term Training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below.
2. Recognition of Prior Learning
Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF. Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), such as Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) or any other agencies designated by MSDE/NSDC, shall be incentivized to implement RPL projects in any of the three Project Types (RPL Camps, RPL at Employers Premises and RPL centres). To address knowledge gaps, PIAs may offer Bridge Courses to RPL candidates.
3. Special Projects
The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, Corporates or Industry bodies, and trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Special Projects are projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short Term Training under PMKVY for any stakeholder. A proposing stakeholder can be either Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or any other equivalent body or corporates who desire to provide training to candidates.
4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability, and helps in leveraging the cumulative knowledge of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage; they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.
5. Placement Guidelines
PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands in the market. Every effort thereby needs to be made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the Scheme. TPs shall also provide support to entrepreneurship development.
6. Monitoring Guidelines
To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY TCs, NSDC and empaneled Inspection Agencies shall use various methodologies, such as self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development ManagementSystem (SDMS). These methodologies shall be enhanced with the engagement of latest technologies.
The scheme will be implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
1. PMKVY Guidelines (2016-2020)
2. Guidelines for Accreditation, Affiliation & Continuous Monitoring of Training Centres for the Skills Ecosystem
3. Branding and Communication Guidelines
4. Grading Metrics - Skills Ecosystem
5. Final List - PMKVY-2 Job Roles
6. Lab and Classroom details (34 SSCs)
7. Trainer profile Lab and Classroom details (34 SSCs)
8. Equipment List (34 SSCs)
9. CAAF Form(For Center Validation)
10. Pictures of Training Center Format
11. Declaration on letter head
12. Commons norms for Skill Development Training in India
Process of Affiliation PMKVY Training Centre Registration
Apply PMKVY Training Centre
1. Training Centre affiliation is granted on the basic job roles.
2. Training Centre pay an Affiliation fee for each job role.
3. Training Centre who apply online affiliation request is forwarded to the SSC ( sector skill councils).
4. Every Scheme has own target process and according this process training centre allocate targets.
5. Training Centre has performance Standards Metrics
PMKVY Training Centre Registration Fee
PMKVY Training Centre Registration Fee of INR 12,000 shall be charged. This fee shall be non-refundable. Annual Monitoring Fee 8000. Monitoring Team can monitor your training centre activity through surprise visit, call validation, management system data and check report online submitted by training centre. Every PMKVY Training Centre will get grade 1 to 5 start grade . Star grade depend on which score have you got.
Percentage of Scores Grade
85-100 % 5 Star
70- 84 % 4 Star
55 -69 % 3 Star
40 -54 % 2 Star
Below 40 % 1 Star
These standards will be scored out of 100 marks
1.Availability of separate washroom facility for male and female trainees
2.Availability of safe/clean drinking water facility
3.Training Centre is acceptably clean
4.Health and Safety Facilities
5.Avaialibility of AEBAS
6.At least One trainer certiﬁed in Entrepreneurship by NIESBUD or any similar
7.Availability of NSQF aligned training material (For each Job Role)
8.Availaibility of Equipment/ Tools/ Machinery in Lab (For each Job Role)
9.Type of Building
10.Availability of CCTV cameras in Training Centre
11.Availability of pantry,lifting and parking facilities
12.Availability of ramps, Lifts and toilets for differently-abled people
13.Proximity to Public Transport System i.e. Bus Stand, Metro Station, Railway Station
14.Availability of overhead projectors
15.Availability of Air-Conditioning in all classrooms
16.Availability of Internet Connectivity
17.Availability of Power Backup
18.Availability of Library Facility
PMKVY Targets Allocation Methodology
The PMKVY Targets may be allocated to the TC for a period of 6 or 12 months on the basis of the grading of centres; the capacity of centres with a provision for periodic review (Compliance and Performance) as per the Monitoring Guidelines of PMKVY. NSDC proposes the below methodology for allocating the targets to various TCs/TPs approved (or yet to be approved) under PMKVY 2016-20.
How to Get PMKVY Targets
1. PMKVY Targets would be allocated for three months with monthly compliance review and quarterly performance review.
2. Shortlisting of centres: TCs approved by SSCs on SDMS would be eligible to receive the targets; TCs will be shortlisted to ensure sector and geographical coverage; Usable area greater than 3000 sq. ft. is preferable however not a mandatory condition.
3. TCs will be assessed and veriﬁed as per the Monitoring Guidelines of PMKVY.
4. Targets to be estimated by NSDC PMU basis centre capacity and to be allocated directly to the centres through SDMS.
5. Centre capacity would depend upon number of PMKVY classrooms; number of Job roles/SSCs afﬁliated to; number of course hours in a job role (approximately 200 hours), and number of certiﬁed trainers.
6. PMKVY Target allocation methodology is based upon the following assumptions: Number of Operating hours in a day: 8 hours Batch operational hours in a day: 4 hours (2 hours each for theory and practical) Job role-wise number of classrooms and labs, whichever is less Total number of hours for a job role as prescribed by the SSC
7. For every approved job role PMU will award targets for 3 months to the full capacity as self-declared by the training centres/partners and validated by monitoring team during the visits. This may get altered depending upon spare capacity and performance of the training centre during the interim reviews.
8. In case of non-achievement, targets will roll back and readjusted to better performing centres/partners subject to spare capacities.
1. Centre accreditation and afﬁliation agency to share approved job role-wise requested capacity v/s actual capacity available for all the approved centres.
2. New targets to be allocated in the ﬁrst half of the month on SDMS only to the afﬁliated and accredited TCs (exceptions in special areas or underserved geographies).
3. Centres accredited and afﬁliated within the ﬁrst fortnight (15 days) of the quarter will be accounted in the same quarter, else in the subsequent quarter.
4. Any TC that undergoes ﬁrst time accreditation and afﬁliation or re-accreditation and re-afﬁliation shall be allocated targets
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 2.0 (2016 – 2020) new guidelines:
1.1 Currently, only a very small proportion of India’s workforce has any formal skill training. Not surprisingly therefore several sectors of the country’s economy face shortage of skilled people and are mired with low productivity levels due to poor quality of workforce. At the same time, large sections of the country’s youth are looking for economic and livelihood opportunities. In this context, skill development has become a key priority area for the country. This is not only essential for economic development, but would help to fulfil youth aspirations for good quality, better paid jobs and self-employment opportunities. This would also enable the country to take advantage of its favorable demographic profile. With a large pool of skilled people, India has an opportunity to become a skill provider for the world, particularly the ageing developed world.
1.2 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (2016 – 2020) is a modified and an improved version of “PMKVY 2015 – 2016”. It is the flagship outcome-based Skill Training Scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). This Skill Certification Scheme aims to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood.
1.3 The Scheme shall be aligned to the “Common Norms” approved by the Common Norm Committee and notified by MSDE. It will ensure an equitable spread of opportunities in Skill Training so that the youth in all parts of the country can be benefitted. This will boost the productivity of the country’s workforce by enabling them to acquire high quality skill training across a range of sectors. It also seeks to significantly scale up skill training activities at a faster pace without compromising on quality.
1.4 Institutions comprising of the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), Assessment Agencies (AAs) and Training Partners (TPs) are already in place for implementation of the Scheme and more may be added during the course of the Scheme.
The objective of this Scheme is to encourage and promote Skill Development for the youth throughout the country by aligning itself with the “Common Norms” guidelines. The scheme also needs to be aligned to complement all other Missions of the Government like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat, and Smart Cities. Specifically, the Scheme aims to:
Enable and mobilize a large number youth to take up industry designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood
Increase productivity of the existing workforce, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country
Encourage standardization of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills
Benefit 10 million youth over the period of 4 years (2016 – 2020)
3. Strategy and Approach
i. The Scheme will provide payouts to the Training Partners (TPs) in alignment with the Common Norms for successful completion of skill training and certification to approximately 10 million youth in a span of four years from the date of implementation of the Scheme
ii. This Scheme shall be implemented through Public-Private and Public-Public partnerships
iii. NSDC will be the implementing agency for this Scheme. It is proposed to also involve the State Governments through a project based approach under PMKVY 2.0. The same will have separate guideline document
iv. Assessment Agencies and Training Partners for all purposes of the Scheme will be separate and no overlap of roles will be permitted to maintain transparency and objectivity
v. Trainings shall be provided only at the approved Centres as defined in clause 4.3 with exception for Special areas
vi. Centres will ensure standardized and approved branding norms as defined in the Branding Guidelines of the scheme
vii. Biometric Devices for capturing student and trainers’ attendance (Aadhaar enabled) shall be mandatory at the PMKVY Centres
viii. The payouts will be affected through bank transfer to the Beneficiaries’ and Training Partners’ accounts as applicable under the Common Norms
ix. Definitions of terms and expansions of acronyms used in this document are listed in Annexure 1
4. Key features
4.1 Common Norms
The Scheme will align with the Common Norms as notified and amended from time to time.
Exceptions (if any) shall be as per the Common Norms. Amendments in the Common Norms would be effective from the approval of subsequent Steering Committee meeting.
4.2 Payout Mechanism
The training cost for the candidates will be directly transferred to Training Partners (TPs) as defined in clause 7.2. Assessment fee shall be provided to the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) in accordance with the Common Norms. However, the disbursement of training cost to Training Partners will be linked to Aadhaar validation of candidates. Biometric devices at the Training Centre will be mandatory.
4.3 Centre Accreditation and Affiliation
All the centres will be required to undergo the centre accreditation and affiliation process as defined in SOP Document – Centre Accreditation and Affiliation Guidelines.
4.4 Target Allocation
The targets may be assigned to the Training Centres on a long term basis with a provision for periodic review. The target allocation would be based on the Grades assigned to the TC by the centre accreditation and affiliation committee. The grading is linked to quality of training, infrastructure availability, training capacity, past performance, geographical location and other relevant parameters as approved by the Steering Committee from time to time. However, there may be relaxations for special areas. The skill gap findings at the State and the District level shall be given due weightage while allocating the targets. The methodology for allocation may change depending upon Scheme requirements from time to time. Detailed guidelines can be referred from Annexure 2.
Training Centres shall conduct various out-reach campaigns across the districts in which they are located. The out-reach campaign may comprise of a combination of door to door visits, mobile vans and interaction with community based groups and local leadership. All out-reach efforts are to target school drop-outs and undergraduate college drop-outs. Mass enrollment of students shall not be allowed under the scheme. Kaushal Melas should be conducted in coordination with State/Local representatives at least once every 6 months in accordance to the Mobilization Guidelines. Training centres are to ensure that their mobilization efforts are visible on Print, Outdoor and Digital Media platforms in accordance to the Branding Guidelines.
4.6 Training and Curriculum
Training would be imparted as per National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF). The model curriculum and content for the respective Qualification Packs (QPs) developed by SSCs and approved by NSDC shall be used. The training hours will be as per the Qualification File approved under NSQC. It is mandatory for the students to maintain 80% of attendance to be eligible to appear in the assessments. As per the approved model curriculum candidates would also undergo entrepreneurship, financial and digital literacy modules during their trainings.
SSCs are mandated to conduct Training of Trainers (TOT) for certification of trainers. System of recording the trainee and trainer’s attendance through ‘Biometric Attendance’ system would be made mandatory. All trainings shall be imparted by SSC approved Trainers who have completed the TOT Program. All the students have to be provided the course curriculum booklet along with the induction kit.
4.7 Assessments and Certifications
Assessment Agencies will be empaneled by the SSCs or the successor National Board for Skill Certification. Detailed assessment criteria will be finalized by the SSC and the same will include assessor profile, technology enabled assessments, past performance of the Assessment Agency and other suitable criteria. Aadhaar number is mandatory for all the Assessors and they will be required to present a suitable ID (preferably Aadhaar and an additional photo ID) at the time of assessments. Video recordings of assessments will also be promoted.
A central repository for all the certificates will be created. Every certified candidate will be mapped to Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY). Candidates will have the insurance clause mentioned on their respective PMKVY certificates. Training Partners would be responsible for paying the insurance fee for every enrolled candidate in their respective batch.
4.8 Branding and Communication
Training Centres should adhere to the Branding and Communication guidelines as mentioned in SOP Document – Branding Guidelines. Any deviation from the norms will be dealt with as per the monitoring framework of the scheme.
4.9 Re-Assessment of Candidates
A failed or an absent candidate may undergo re-assessments during the entire length of scheme. The training partner will pay the re-assessment fees upfront to the respective SSC. Training Partner can also encourage the failed candidates to go for certificate under Recognition of Prior Learning.
4.10 Mentorship and Placements
Training Centres will be required to have mentorship cum placement cells. There is also a provision to provide Post – Placement Support to candidates from Special Areas, Women and Persons with Disability. Training Partners are encouraged to organize ‘Placement/Job Melas’ with support from the SSCs. Outcome of skill trainings will be as defined in the common norms. Placement is a critical objective in PMKVY. SSCs should coordinate to develop better placement linkages, on board corporates and other local connects to facilitate placements.
Rigorous continuous Monitoring system linked to a Consequence Management Framework will be applicable to ensure adherence to quality standards and guidelines of the scheme. A third party agency would undertake continuous monitoring of all TCs. Training Centres, Assessments, and Assessors will be monitored throughout the Scheme’s tenure. Detailed Monitoring framework can be referred in SOP Document.
Each training partner would be responsible for its entire franchisee network and the infrastructure of training centres. PMKVY aspires to build quality centres and thus discourage franchising arrangements.
Only first level of franchising is permitted under PMKVY however Franchisee centres are subject to approval from Centre Accreditation and Affiliation Committee. The first level of franchising is defined as an agreement between a Franchisee and a Franchisor where a Franchisee does not enter into an arrangement with another party to sublet its training targets. Suitable amount of due diligence must be done by Franchisee and Franchisor before entering into any arrangement. A legal agreement must govern Franchise and Franchisor arrangement. NSDC shall not interfere in operational or personal disputes arising as a result of conflict between the two parties however Training Partner is supposed to produce the legal agreement with relevant supporting to NSDC in the specified format as and when requested for.
5. Training Centres
To conduct trainings under PMKVY, centres have to be accredited and affiliated as per guidelines defined in SOP Document – Centre Accreditation and Affiliation Guidelines.
Training centre has to ensure the attendance records are maintained and are filed for review purposes at all times. Assessor will verify the attendance records before conducting the assessments for the batch.
Training Centre shall also have to facilitate opening of Jan Dhan Bank accounts for the candidates who do not have the bank accounts.
6. Target Beneficiaries
In line with the objectives stated above, this Scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who:
a) Unemployed youth, school/college dropouts, and
b) Possesses an Aadhaar Card and a Bank account
c) Verifiable Alternate ID like PAN or Voter ID (applicable only for the states of North East Region and J&K – Additional IDs may be added from time to time)
d) Any other criteria as defined by the Sector Skill Councils for the respective job roles
e) In case of corporates or factory premises, candidates cannot be their own employees or daily wagers
7. Monetary Payouts
PMKVY will follow complete transparent funding of skill training without any intermediaries and payouts directly transferred to the stakeholders’ account.
Payouts will be directly transferred to the Training Partner’s bank account as per the below milestones:
1-On Commencement of Training Batch against validated candidates- 30%
2- On successful certification of the trainees- 50%
3- Outcome based on placements- 20%
7.1 Base Costs
The per candidate base costs for different Sectors will be either Rs. 28.9 or Rs. 34.7 or Rs. 40.4 as per the trainings in various job roles/sectors defined in 3 different categories. These 3 categories would be defined in the SOP Document – Per hour Base Costs for trades/sectors.
Costs will be updated as per the Common Norms in case of any changes.
The amount disbursed to the Training Partner against a dropped or failed candidates in first tranche shall be adjusted in subsequent tranches. Candidates may enroll second time in the same/different course in the Scheme but the payout for such candidates shall only be given for a maximum of two courses provided that there is a six month gap between the certification date of the first course and batch start date of the subsequent course. Annual reconciliation of pay-outs disbursed against each candidate certified and placed by Training Partner shall be undertaken before disbursal of the final tranche. Any excessive payment shall be adjusted and released or recovered from the Training Partner.